Quantum computing is a type of computing based on quantum mechanics that employs qubits, which can represent both 0s and 1s simultaneously. The main difference between quantum and classical computing is that quantum computers can perform many calculations at once, making them more reliable for complex applications such as artificial intelligence (AI).
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AI is currently dominant in the technology stack, with its wide use in every sector. However, beyond AI’s capabilities lie the limits of classical computers. Can you believe that AI also has limitations beyond which it cannot function? Yes, just like classical computers, AI can only function to a certain extent due to their set amount of computational power. With the advancements in quantum computing, there is a possibility of significantly enhancing the performance of machine learning and AI. In the times to come, the scope of quantum computing will be investigated in terms of its effect on AI and its implications for various sectors such as business, industry, and the economy.
And if the following facts from the business insider are to be believed, then it is certain it is the future of computing.
The processing speed of quantum computers surpasses classic computers by millions of times.
Predictions indicate that the quantum computing market will attain a value of $64.98 billion by the year 2030.
The development of quantum computing tools is a competitive endeavor, with industry giants such as Microsoft, Google, and Intel vying for the lead.
Quantum Computing: What Is It?
Computing based on quantum mechanics is known as quantum computing. Traditionally, data is encoded as bits that can either be 1 or 0. In quantum computing, qubits can be both 1 and 0 at the same time due to the property of superposition.
Several factors contribute to quantum computing’s power, and many calculations can be done simultaneously. This is also why it is considered the future of artificial intelligence and data science.
What is the Difference between Quantum Computing and Classical Computing?
The main difference between classical and quantum computing is that while conventional computers only use 0s and 1s, quantum computers employ qubits. This means that they can perform many calculations at once since qubits can represent both 0s and 1s simultaneously. Furthermore, qubits make quantum computers more reliable for complex applications like AI because they are not prone to the same errors as classical computers. This makes them more suitable for use in artificial intelligence applications.
Quantum computing is intended to support and enhance the capabilities of classical computing. Quantum computers are expected to complement, rather than replace, classical computers by supporting their specialized functions, such as system boosts. They are designed to perform tasks much more accurately and efficiently than classical computers, giving developers a new tool for specific applications.
The Positive Impact of Quantum Computing on Artificial Intelligence
Data can be processed faster by quantum computers than by conventional computers. In other words, AI systems will be able to learn and improve faster. If quantum entanglement is utilized, algorithms may also be able to exploit correlations between variables more easily.
Quantum computers can handle complex optimization problems that traditional computers cannot handle, making AI algorithms run better. This could lead to artificial intelligence that is more powerful and intelligent than anything we have ever seen since quantum computing does not follow classical physics laws.
Many AI applications, such as planning and scheduling, can benefit from quantum computing because it helps explore viable solutions to problems.
AI architectures can be developed more efficiently and at a larger scale using quantum computers.
There are certain calculations that quantum computers can perform that traditional computers cannot solve, leading to the development of new AI algorithms. For example, Shor’s algorithm can be used to factor large numbers, and quantum computers can simulate quantum systems more efficiently than classical computers.
By using quantum annealing, problems that cannot be solved classically can be solved using quantum computers. The use of quantum computers can verify the results of AI algorithms to ensure that they are correct and error-free.
In quantum computers, AI systems can learn faster and be better prepared for real-world situations by creating powerful simulation environments. Quantum computers, for example, do not forget things catastrophically like classical neural networks do. Because of this, they are better at lifelong learning since they can learn new things without forgetting how to do old things.
AI systems can use quantum computers to protect sensitive data. Moreover, parallel processing can be used to counter cybercrime. Unlike classical computers, which exist in only one state, quantum computers can be in multiple states at once, allowing them to find better algorithms.
Quantum Computing and Artificial Intelligence Applications
Resolve Complex Problems in a Short Period
Data sets are becoming increasingly complex and larger than what our current computers can handle, putting significant pressure on our computing architecture. Today’s computers are incapable of solving complex problems that can be easily tackled by quantum computing, which is expected to resolve these challenges in mere seconds.
With Quantum Supremacy (the ability of a quantum computer), which Google claimed to have achieved in 2019 (a claim disputed by IBM), computations that typically take thousands of years can now be accomplished in just 200 seconds.
Managing Large Datasets
Every day, we generate approximately 2.5 exabytes of data. Ordinary CPUs and GPUs are unable to handle such a large amount of data, whereas quantum computers are designed to quickly identify patterns and anomalies based on this massive amount of data.
Detecting and Combating Fraud
As quantum computing and artificial intelligence are applied to the banking and financial industries, fraud detection will be improved and enhanced. In addition to the ability to recognize patterns difficult to detect with traditional equipment, models trained on quantum computers would also be able to handle the large amount of data that these machines could handle. Advancements in algorithms would assist in achieving this goal as well.
Developing Better Models
In this era of growing data volumes, companies are no longer limited by traditional computer technologies to analyze complex scenarios. These businesses require sophisticated models that can analyze all types of scenarios.
It is estimated that by 2025, the healthcare industry’s data generation will grow at a compound annual rate of 36%, which is 6% faster than manufacturing, financial services, logistics, and eCommerce. By using quantum technology to develop better models, we may be able to treat illnesses more effectively, reduce the risk of financial collapse, and improve coordination.
Quantum computers have demonstrated success in accelerating DNA sequencing in the medical field and accurately predicting traffic volumes in transportation. Quantum computing is expected to play a crucial role in advancing our understanding of biology and evolution, enabling more effective treatments for diseases such as cancer, and even aiding in mitigating the effects of climate change.
Recent Breakthroughs in Quantum Computing
The successful implementation of quantum technology relies on photonic integrated circuits that can control photonic quantum states or qubits effectively. To address this issue, physicists from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), TU Dresden, and Leibniz-Institut für Kristallzüchtung (IKZ) have achieved a significant breakthrough. They have demonstrated the controlled creation of single-photon emitters in silicon at the nanoscale.
The scientists in their report on nature communications, on 12th December 2022, claimed that –
“Previous efforts to create single-photon emitters were hindered by uncontrollable creation in random locations, which limited scalability. The controllable production of individual G and W centers on silicon wafers through focused ion beams (FIB) has been achieved with a high probability. Additionally, a scalable implantation protocol using broad beams that aligns with complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology has been developed to create single telecom emitters on the nanoscale with pinpoint accuracy. These results provide a straightforward path for the creation of photonic quantum processors at an industrial scale, with technology nodes below 100 nm. This research presents a clear and practical route to the development of such processors.”
The potential applications of quantum computing in various fields are rapidly gaining traction. However, there has been little discussion about how this technology will impact artificial intelligence in the future. Quantum computers can solve decoding problems much faster than classical computers, and they can also model large-scale systems and molecules. As quantum computing becomes more accessible, it will play a crucial role in the development of artificial intelligence and future applications. Moreover, they can handle vast amounts of data, which is essential for training artificial intelligence models.
Pooja Kanwar is part of the content team. She has more than two years of experience in content writing. She creates content related to digital transformation technologies including IoT, Robotic Process Automation, and Cloud. She holds a Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA Hons) Degree in Marketing.